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Tuesday, May 16, 2017

Poctoy White Beach, Torrijos: Perfectly perfect pa rin

Poctoy White Beach and Mt. Maindig. Photo: Eli J Obligacion

It's more than a kilometer stretch of powdery white sand and has become the most popular in mainland Marinduque - the Poctoy White Beach. More resorts and small buildings are on the rise now closer to the beach. This is one place where thousands have come and gone to also enjoy the view of Mt. Malindig rising from the waters. 

Malindig is one volcano with seemingly ever-present bright-white clouds that collect over its peak. You wonder if something's being exhaled by the volcano all the time. All the time.

But soon you forget about it for you've come to enjoy the beach and amenities around, play with the waves or just frolic in the sand. Or just think of ways to make your stay more perfect.

Photos of Poctoy White Beach below are more current. But images of what is was like some 12 years ago could be conveyed by the following story I wrote then.

Photo: Toper Matienzo

Poctoy White Beach, Torrijos: Perfectly perfect baya!

An article about Marinduque appeared in a glossy airline magazine where the popular white sand beach of Poctoy in Torrijos, east of the island, was mentioned for its 'imperfections'. Grasses and shrubs were just left to grow supposedly and did not seem inviting. I had the opportunity to visit the beach with two other friends to check those 'imperfections'.

Photo: Toper Matienzo

In just one day last Holy Week, the beach reportedly netted close to P 100,000. 
Photo: Armop (Warren) Valenzuela Roldan


5:00 pm till 11:30 pm: Coming from the Torrijos Municipio for a word with some officials we arrived in Poctoy beach via the mayor's service vehicle. We entered a gate and realized that it was actually a small resort that had been in operation for sometime, judging by the numerous small structures that greeted us. 'Rendezvous' it is called, concealed somewhat as the beachfront is blocked by what looked like an unfinished multi-purpose hall built by the municipio.

"Welcome" says Mr. Fetalvero the resort owner, "feel at home while we prepare dinner." 'Home' is a two-bedroom guesthouse with two huge beds each. Two morion masks and costumes were displayed in a cozy receiving room accented by other native bric-a-bracs. So his son who built this small resort is an architect based in Manila. This explained why many found materials were fashioned into frames, sculptures or simple installations in the guestroom, in the other buildings and cottages. Design ideas any visitor might be tempted to replicate in his/her own home.


Photo: Toper Matienzo

For dinner we had sinigang, chicken and pork adobo and rice. Mr. Fetalvero couldn't wait to take us to the videoke bar where we saw live the off-key voices we'd hear while eating. They smiled, we smiled back and they were happy to share with the world their gift of music.


I rose after the concert to try one of four billiard tables, left after a round of misses for the beach. It was a moonlit night, but not a single soul could be seen there. Just as well. But it felt kind of strange and sad to be alone in the middle of some twenty desolate cottages. When thick rain clouds soon covered the moon darkening the entire powdery sand beach, I went back to the noise.

Grace was singing 'Pamulinawen' "Ngayon lamang kinanta 'yan dito", one of the boys remarked. She was encouraged and sang more Ilocano songs. "I was in grade three the last time I sang these!", she said. Didn't know if anyone cared.

Mr. Fetalvero talked about native Poctoy songs such as one called "Boracay". "Boracay? What is Boracay?" They're actually huge white birds seen in Poctoy from time to time, he says. Sea gulls? He first heard the song as a child and therefore it had nothing to do with Boracay, the famous beach.

Maybe Boracay, the birds, fly from Boracay, the beach, to Poctoy, the beach and return and fly again because it is just a fly away and they like white beaches? I was thinking quietly. Makes sense? No.

6:00 am till 9:00 am: Poctoy faces east. I woke up early to be able to watch the sun rise. Our host was also up and walked with me to the beach to check the morning's catch. It was cloudy. Then it drizzled. No sun visible. We ran to seek cover in one of the cottages beside a wild giant pandan. "This was where we found the mother pawikan laying eggs", he said. 


"Pawikan?" Beach folks recently found a giant sea turtle with eggs, informed the municipio, aware that sea turtles were an endangered species. The municipio assigned technical people to keep watch until the eggs were hatched. The whole barangay rejoiced when more than seventy baby sea turtles came into being and were eventually set free with their mother to the sea. So you see.

Photo: Toper Matienzo

Mr. Fetalvero says the area of Poctoy is actually part of a community marine reserve so people are being made constantly aware that fish and sea turtles are not forever. There are talks that cyanide fishing is still rampant in the nearby Talisay and Cagpo areas but authorities are hopeful this deadly method would no longer be resorted to through their continuing information drive. But no morning catch. Tough luck for us!

In summer, the beach is teemed with peole from all over Torrijos, says the host. "The cottages were actually built the last couple of years by sitio people and youth groups. Proceeds from rentals go to their community projects," he says. "Note the many small stalls around. They'll make good money when summer vacation starts this Holy Week. The big event is beach volleyball. Come back!"

We returned to Rendezvous for breakfast of fried eggs, corned beef, bread and coffee. No, I disagree with that magazine write-up, I muse. What grass? Poctoy Beach is perfectly perfect as it is. Like the seascape that changes colors by the by, it offers many surprises. But one has got to find them. Then all becomes perfect!



Friday, May 5, 2017

Origin of 'Marinduque' and the Tagalog we speak on this island




The origin of the name, "Marinduque", has been the subject of discussions and thought-provoking conjectures.

Fr. Miguel Bernad in a brief account commented on the origin of the names of a number of places in the Philippines, among which was Marinduque. He said that "Malinduk (or Malindik) is now Marinduque." Explaining that there are provinces, towns and villages whose modern names have been the result of some inability on the part of the Spaniards (or of others), to pronounce the original native name.

F. Arsenio Manuel (of the former National Historical Institute), who conducted a study of place-names, made an interesting one on the origin of 'Marinduque'. He said that 'Marinduque' could not have originated from Malinduk or Malindik but rather from "MALINDUG". 

This he said, has historical implication, for the word "malindig" which means "tall and elegant stature" in Tagalog has similar if not parallel meaning to the Visayan term "malindug". These were two cognate terms, Manuel wrote in the study, which fittingly describe the island's volcano, Mt. Malindig.



As for the probability that the Visayan term used as basis for naming the mountain and not the Tagalog word, accounts of early Visayan migration to the island would appear to support this view. The Dasmarinas listing of encomiendas in 1751 already spelled Marinduque in this manner, wrote he. 

Manuel explained further that the phonetic hispanization of Malindug followed the Spanish phonetic system. Spanish does not tolerate the voiced velar stop "g" in its phonology. In Morga's Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas and other Spanish chronicles for example, the term for 'loincloth' is spelled 'bahaque'. This spelling and its Spanish pronunciation follows Spanish phonetic laws - 'bahag' becoming 'bahaque'.

This change according to him also appears to have happened to "Palanyag" which became "Paranaque", with additional change taking place, the "l" becoming "r", again following Spanish phonetic tendencies. This "l" - "r" 'spin shift' is, of course, also evident in 'Marinduque'.

Hence, the legend of Marinduque as having resulted from the romance of "Marin" and "Duque", the ill-starred lovers of a popular local myth cannot have any value in historical writing nor folklore studies, stated Manuel. This, he opined, was just another instance of 'folk-etymologising'.

Malindig Volcano's Maculilis crater. Photo: Morion Mountaineers Santa Cruz

In 2002, as a volunteer cultural worker I decided to call the theater group I formed in Buenavista, "Teatro Malindug", for that town lies at the foot of the subject volcano. I spent sometime, of course, explaining to the cast (students from the Marinduque Victorian's College), that we owe it to our ancestors to preserve that forgotten name. A year later, the college initiated a festival they called 'Malindug Festival' as a way of generating environmental consciousness in the beautiful town of Buenavista with focus on Mt. Malindig and its foothills.

The MALINDUG name wasn't new to me, though. I first encountered the same explanation from a research paper given to me by the late Ding Jardiniano of Boac back in 1993, in connection with a play I was writing entitled "Saan Nanggaling ang Moryon", that we presented as "Moryonan" Isang Baliktanaw." 

The said research paper (there was a dearth of such at that time so we valued anything and everything about Marinduque), was authored by another person (Jardiniano told me then that he knew that guy personally), but it wasn't Manuel. 

However, in 1997, I had the chance to participate in the Conference on Local History sponsored by the National Historical Institute (NHI) held in Makiling, That's where I met Manuel and he freely distributed copies of his work entitled: "Marinduque: A Study of Place Names" - an identical copy of the same document I encountered in 1993. And so I took note to change the attribution promptly to that of Mr. Manuel as obviously the other guy just stole his work. 

(I was aware at that time that the previous 'author', also from NHI, earlier figured in the loss of the famous Bonifacio trial papers and sale of other historical documents and was promptly jailed. It isn't far-fetched that he just copied Manuel's paper and claimed authorship. I happen to be aware that even on this small island-province, this kind of practice also happens. Anyway, in 2004, Manuel was declared as National Artist for Literature).

Then, in 2000, former Balangaw member Patrick Henry R. Manguera, who decided to take up a Master's Degree in History at the University of the Philippines, after some discussions on our local history, sent me a mimeographed copy of a 1923 (repeat 1923), article on Boak Tagalog, written by a CECILIO LOPEZ, of the University of the Philippines. It gave me a surprise, almost startled by its implications. The said article was reprinted in 1970 also in mimeographed form for distribution.


Cecilio Lopez, Father of Philippine Linguistics

Excerpts from the Lopez paper:

"A few words may here be said regarding the derivation of the name Marinduque, a word around which the same kind of regrettable, because superficial and erroneous etymologyzing and inventive story-telling has sprung up which is indulged in, nowadays, by only too many of my countrymen who seem to have allowed themselves to be guided away from that historical sincerity which true patriotism should dictate to them.

"The name in question has nothing to do with a Mary, and a Spanish duke ('duque'), but can be shown to be derived from the name of a high and particularly steep mountain on the island, called Malindig.

"In old chronicles the name of the island occurs in such varying forms as Malinduc, Marinducq, Marinduc, Malindic, and Malindig, forms quite evidently to be analyzed into the well-known 'adjectival' prefix 'ma-' denoting chiefly existence, and a radical word, or stem, occuring in Tagalog as 'lindig', in Bikol as 'lindog' or 'lindug', the second vowel of both forms (i.e. Tag. 'i', Bik. 'o' or 'u'), going back, in accordance with the so-called 'pepet law', to the indistinct vowel 'e'. 

"The change of the first sound of the stem, 'l', to 'r' is likewise in consonance with a common Indonesian phonetic law, while the conversion of final 'g' into the Spanish ending 'que' finds an exact parallel in the case of the town Paranaque on Manila Bay, which in Tagalog is called Palanyag. Note, in this connection, also the fluctuation of the last sound of the name Boac which is given by Buzeta y Bravo (Diccionario geografico de las Islas Filipinas) as 'Boac o Boag'.


How Marinduque (island in the center) is shown in the 1734 map of Fr. Pedro Murillo de Velarde


"The stem 'lindig occurs, according to Noceda y Sanlucar, in the new obsolete Tagalog word 'maglindig', meaning 'rising up straight so as not to be covered by the water', while for the Bikol form 'lindog' Marcos de Lisboa states quite clearly that it means 'monte muy alto y derecho', both forms embodying thus the idea of English 'steep, towering'."


After further research, I came to learn that Cecilio Lopez was known as the 'Father of Philippine Linguistics', and his works have not been squarely contested by anyone. I love and admire Lopez. Why? Listen to his expert remarks made after a very thorough study of Boak Tagalog (he spelled it that way but that's really 'Marinduque Tagalog', in my view):

"When listening to a conversation between people belonging to the speech-group here in question, a native from the country around Manila is likely to receive the impression that Boak Tagalog is simpler, more imperfect form of his own more highly developed speech, an impression comparable to that experienced under similar circumstances by an Englishman, German, or Frenchman, when listening to one of the different dialects spoken in his country. 

"We should not forget, however, that altho they have followed a different development, such provincial forms of speech have been originally the roots, or among the roots, from which modern national forms have sprung, and that in them may, therefore, be found remnants of the more archaic speech of our forefathers, remnants long forgotten by our modern parlance but nevertheless of great interest to the linguist".


Teatro Balangaw's 'Mara Unduk' 1997, with Mt. Malindig in the background 

Wala na si Cecilio Lopez pero mahalaga baya ito hindi lamang sa mga mag-aaral ng salita o wika, kundi higit para sa mga Marinduqueno, ang naisulat niyang ito. Talaga laang. Galaw-galaw mo, ang Boak Tagalog (na Marinduque Tagalog din ngani) ang pinag-ugatan, o isa sa pinag-ugatan ng Tagalog at inasalita pa rin natin ngay-on, at doon pa mismo maririnig ang mga sinaunang pananalita ng 'ating' ('ating' bilang Filipino, dahil hindi naman naging taga Marinduque si Lopez, ha, para maghabi ng kwento kundi magsabi ng totoo), ating mga ninuno! 


Isipa raw maigi!

Wednesday, May 3, 2017

CA rejects Gina Lopez as DENR secretary




The Commission on Appointments (CA) on Wednesday voted to reject the nomination of Secretary Gina Lopez to head the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR).
Lopez is the second Cabinet official appointed by President Rodrigo Duterte to be rejected by the CA.
Last March, the bicameral body rejected the nomination of Perfecto Yasay Jr., who was appointed to head the Department of Foreign Affairs, over issues regarding his citizenship.
Lopez had faced three CA committee hearings, answering questions about her order to close 23 mining operations and suspend five others last February, and her competence to lead the DENR.
Later in a press conference, Lopez said those who voted against her nomination were "influenced by business interests".
“If government co-opts to big businesses, then what hope does the poor have? What message are we giving here? If you wanna be confirmed, don’t go against big businesses,” Lopez said.
“When our lawmakers don’t stand for the constitutional right of every Filipino and rather be influenced by business interests, it’s wrong,” she added.
‘50-50 chance’
Senator Manny Pacquiao, chairman of the CA committee on environment, earlier predicted a “50-50 chance” for Lopez, whose nomination garnered over 30 oppositions.
At least 12 of the oppositions filed against her were about the order to close and suspend mining operations. Lopez also canceled the contracts of 75 mining companies.
On Tuesday, the last of the three confirmation hearings, Lopez was quizzed on the basis of her memorandum imposing a P2-million trust fund per hectare of land disturbed by miners.
Lopez said her January 30 memorandum was based on her “prerogative.”
Pacquiao noted the vote did not go as he “personally wanted to” but that the “decision of the majority” should be respected.

Senate Majority Leader Vicente Sotto III, Sen. Loren Legarda and members of the Liberal Party (LP) in the commission led by Senator Francis Pangilinan, manifested on record that they voted in favor of the appointment of Lopez.
Some members of the CA have earlier told Lopez to base her decisions on the law, and not merely on passion for the protection of the environment.
Finance Secretary Carlos Dominguez earlier said Lopez failed to observe due process when she ordered to close mining operations.
Dominguez said Lopez failed to consult the Departments of Labor and Employment, and Social Welfare, both of which would have to bear the potential impact of her orders.
The Department of Finance earlier estimated a total revenue loss of P821 million from 16 local government units once the closure and suspension orders take effect.
The orders are currently under review of the Mining Industry Coordinating Council (MICC), co-chaired by Lopez and Dominguez. VDS/RSJ, GMA News

Tuesday, May 2, 2017

Huntahan sa Yellow Moon, lindol atbp


Ang haba ng usapan namin kagabi ng isa ko'ng kaibigan tungkol sa naging kulay ng buwan. Dilaw, o Yellow Moon. Kinukumpara niya sa araw na yellow, aniya. Ang hirap dito, marami rin ang nagsasabi na hindi na raw dilaw ang kulay ng araw ngayon kundi puti na.

Ang sabi naman sa ilang scientific posts, ang buwan ay nagiging kulay dilaw o orange dahil sa pangyayaring sa pagitan ng nag-oobserba at ng buwan ay may mga layers ng atmosphere. Ang araw daw ay nagiging kulay orange o pula naman sa abot-tanaw o horizon dahil din dito. Kapag ang buwan ay palubog na, ang liwanag mula dito ay dumadaan naman sa atmosphere na nag-aabsorb ng blue color. Kapag nangyari ito, ang orange o pulang liwanag ay hindi naman na-aabsorb kaya iyon ang nakikita.

Kasabay ng kulay dilaw, may optical illusion din na nagaganap pala na kung saan nagmumukhang mas malaki ang buwan o tila mas malapit ang buwan, Ang tawag daw doon ay moon illusion. Pero hindi ito katulad ng supermoon, na kung saan ang buwan ay totoong mas malapit sa ating planeta.


Kasabay ng yellow moon ang pagdiriwang naman ng mga alitaptap sa mga talisay trees, pag-iingay ng mga tuko, pagsulpot ng mga dinoflaggelates sa tubig-dagat malapit sa dalampasigan na kamangha-mangha ang ginagawang pagpatay-sindi sa kanilang liwanag, pagsama sa hangin ng napakabangong amoy ng di-matukoy na mga bulaklak, at pagdaan ng mga di matukoy na malalaking ibon.

"Parang nakakakilabot!", sabi ng kaibigan ko.

"Ang ganda nga eh!", sabi naman ng katabi niya na nakikinig lamang.

"Hindi kaya signos 'yan na lilindol?", dagdag ng kaibigan ko.

Pagdating ng umaga, may ulat tungkol sa magkakasunod na mega-quakes na naganap sa isang panig ng Ring of Fire na napakalayo naman sa Pilipinas kung tutuusin. Nagkataon lamang tiyak.

Pero ang huntahang ito marahil tungkol sa mga nakikita at naririnig na mga kaganapan sa kapaligiran ay tila magandang kahalili naman ng di-mapuknat na usapan tungkol sa ibang mga bagay-bagay na pulos gawa-gawa ng tao.


Monday, May 1, 2017

Ang 29.4 km Central Marinduque Fault, Fault Lines at Trenches sa Pilipinas

Kamakailan, nagsagawa ng hakbang ang pamahalaang bayan ng Boac para sa pagbuo ng isang geohazard and earthquake assessment of mine structures at facilities sa Marcopper mine site. 

Planong isagawa ito sa pakikipagtulungan ng DENR, DPWH, Phivolcs at LGU Boac. Isa sa mga naging dahilan sa pagsasagawa nito ay ang nadiskubreng mga leak sa isang lumang diversion tunnel ng Marcopper na kapag bumigay ay maaaring maglagay sa panganib sa buhay at ari-arian sa mga apektadong lugar.

Base sa mga naiulat na report, hindi malinaw kung naisagawa ng maayos ang assessment sa kabila ng naiulat din na pag-atubili ng minahan na papasukin sa mine site ang mga opisyales ng mga ahensya ng pamahalaan para sa pagsasagawa ng kanilang ocular inspection nitong huling linggo ng Abril 2017.

Dr. Toto Bacolcol ng Phivolcs. Larawan ni: Pongkoy Manrique

Ang alam lamang natin ay nagpahayag sa isang forum na ginanap sa kanyang pagbisita sa Casa Real, Boac ang Phivolcs associate scientist, Dr. Teresito Bacolcol, ng ganito:  "... ang Central Marinduque Fault ay may kakayahang mag-generate ng maximum of 6.8 magnitude o intensity 7 earthquake".

Sa ngayon ay walang detalyadong mapa ng Central Marinduque Fault na tinatantiyang may 29.4 kilometro ang haba mula Boac hanggang Buenavista. Kaya't isa sa tinututukan ngayon ang pagsasagawa ng detalyadong mapa ng fault na ito, tulad ng mga barangay, mga sitio at mga estrukturang nahahagip nito.


Pagsusuri sa Pamahalaang Bayan ng Boac ng mapa ng Marcopper mine site.
Larawan: Pongkoy Manrique

Nitong mga nakaraang araw, sunod-sunod ang pagyanig ng lupa mula Sarangani, South Cotabato hanggang Batangas at Batanes. May M7.2 lindol na naramdaman sa Sarangani noong Abril 29 at pinakahuli ang M5.4 sa 56 km north of Itbayat, Batanes, April 30 1:57 UTC.



Sa loob ng nakaraang dalawang araw lamang ay gumalaw at naglikha ng malalakas na lindol ang pinakataas at pinakababa ng Philippine Fault! 



Bisitahin natin ang mga fault lines at trenches sa Pilipinas.

Fault Lines at Trenches sa Pilipinas

Isinalin sa Filipino ni Eli J. Obligacion (mula sa artikulong Philippines Fault Lines and Trenches na nailathala sa AffordableCebu, Oct. 2013)

Ang fault ay isang bali/bitak sa isang bulto ng bato, na kung saan nagkaroon ng malalaking displacement sa mga bali/bitak na nagresulta sa paggalaw ng lupa. Ang paggalaw na ito ng lupa ang tinatawag na tectonic forces na dumidikdik sa lupain.

Halimbawa ng isang fault line ay ang San Andreas Fault sa Carrizo Plain, Central California, USA na makikita sa larawan sa ibaba.


San Andreas Fault aerial view 

Faults sa Pilipinas

Sa Pilipinas, ang mga pangunahing faults ay bumabagtas sa kahabaan ng bansa. Ito ay tinatawag na Philippine Fault. Ito ay nagmumula sa Bangui, Ilocos Norte sa hilaga, tumatawid sa Zambales, Digdig, Central Marinduque, at dumadaan sa Central Leyte hanggang sa Mati. 

Sa hilagang-kanlurang Luzon, ang fault ay tila naging tinirintas na binubuo ng maraming mga hibla kaya't hindi na nag-iisa. Ang Philippine Fault, marahil naging aktibo mula noong Middle Miocene ay isang halimbawa ng north-south strike-slip fault zones ng Luzon. 

Kasunod ng malaking lindol noong 1990 Luzon earthquake, muling isinaaalang-alang ng mga siyentipiko ang kanilang mga fault models alinsunod sa mga gawain nina Pinet at Stephan (1989), na nagsabing malamang diumano na ang Benham Plateau ay nagpapagalaw pa rin sa gitnang Luzon at sa Philippine Fault System sa kanluran, kayat naging sanhi ng 1990 Luzon earthquake. Ang 20 segundo o 50 segundong wave noong 1990 quake ay nakabuo ng isang bagong  east-west sub-fault, na naging sanhi ng malaking pinsala sa Baguio.

 Mapa ng Faults at Trenches sa Pilipinas


Listahan ng Faults sa Pilipinas
  1. Bangui Fault
  2. West Ilocos Fault System
  3. Dummon River Fault Sytem
  4. Abra River Fault
  5. Divalacan Fault
  6. Tubao Fault
  7. Casiguran Fault
  8. East Zamabales Fault
  9. Iba Fault
  10. Digdig Fault
  11. Infanta Fault
  12. Guinyangan Fault
  13. Valley Fault System
  14. Central Marinduque Fault
  15. Lubang Fault
  16. Sibuyan Fault
  17. Central Mindoro Fault
  18. Aglubang River Fault
  19. Lake Bato Lineament
  20. Southern Mindoro Fault
  21. Northern Samar Lineament
  22. Tablas Fault
  23. Masbate Fault
  24. Southern Samar Lineament
  25. West Panay Fault
  26. Central Negros Fault
  27. Cebu Linemanet
  28. Central Leyte Fault
  29. East Bohol Fault
  30. Cabanglasan Fault
  31. Tagoloan River Fault
  32. Lanao Fault System
  33. Davao River Fault
  34. Lianga Fault
  35. Eastern Mindanao Fault
  36. Central Mindanao Fault
  37. Mati Fault
  38. Tangbulan Fault
  39. Mindanao Fault Daguma Extension
  40. Zamboanga Fault System

Trenches sa Pilipinas

Ang Philippine Trench (tawag din dito ay Philippine Deep, Mindanao Trench, at Mindanao Deep) ay nasa ilalim ng dagat sa silangan ng Pilipinas. Ito ay may habang humigit-kumulang 1,320 km (820 mi) at ang lapad nito ay mga 30 km (19 mi) mula sa sentro ng Luzon papuntang timog-silangan (south-east) hanggang sa northern Maluku island ng Halmahera sa Indonesia. Ang pinakamalalim na bahagi nito, ang Galathea Depth, ay may lalim na 10,540 metro (5,760 dipa; 34,600 feet). Bago mag-1951, ang ekspedisyon ng HMS Challenger ang nagsukat na may lalim na 10,863 metro (5,940 dipa; 35,640 talampakan) sa Mariana Trench, ang Galathea Lalim ang kinilalang pinakamalalim sa karagatan. Ngayon, ito ang sadyang pinakamalalim na bahagi ng bansa at ika-3 sa buong mundo. 

Sa mismong hilaga ng Philippine Trench naroon ang East Luzon Trench. Ang mga ito ay pinaghihiwalay, nagagambala at pinagagalaw ng Benham Plateau sa Philippine Sea Plate. 

Ang Philippine Trench ang resulta ng isang banggaan ng tectonic plates. Ang Philippine Sea Plate ay lumulubog sa ilalim ng Philippine Mobile Belt sa tulin na 16 cm (6.3 in) bawat taon. 

Listahan ng mga Trenches sa Pilipinas

East Luzon Trench / Trough
Manila Trench
Negros Trench
Sulu Trench
Cotabato Trench
Philippine Trench

Ang iyong lugar ba ay nasa isang fault line? Ano kaya ang iyong plano kapag ang fault line ay gumalaw o kapag ang isang lindol ay maabot ang iyong lugar at sirain ang iyong bahay?


Sunday, April 30, 2017

RORO na may rutang Davao-GenSan-Bitung (Indonesia) binuksan na nina Duterte at Widodo


Pormal nang binuksan nina Pangulong Rodrigo Duterte at Indonesian President Joko Widodo ngayong araw Abril 30 sa Davao City ang RORO (Roll-on Roll-off) na ruta mula Davao-General Santos City hanggang Bitung, Indonesia.
Ang pagkakaroon ng ferry service na mag-uugnay sa Pilipinas at Indonesia ay lubos na ikinatuwa ng dalawang pangulo.
Ang RORO ay kabilang  sa nilagdaang kasunduan kung saan saksi sina Duterte at Widodo sa Malacañang, nitong Abril 28.
Maliban pa sa ferry service na ito ay nagkaroon din ng Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) sa pagitan ng Pilipinas at Indonesia sa agricultural cooperation.

Labis ding nagpasalamat si Duterte sa Indonesia sa patuloy na pagsuporta nito sa peace process sa Mindanao habang binigyang-halaga ni Widodo ang pagkakaibigan at pagiging magka-partner ng dalawang bansa.

Ang M/V Super Shuttle Roro 12 ay nasa pangangasiwa ng Asian Marine Transport Corp.

Maiisagawa nito ang mas mabilis at mas murang transportasyon para sa mga pangangalakal sa mga mga pangunahing lungsod sa East ASEAN Growth Area (EAGA).

Kasama sa mga export goods para sa Indonesia ay animal feeds, fertilizer, construction materials, ice cream products, poultry, fresh fruits at synthetics. Ang mga import products naman ay matured coconut, copra, corn, feed ingredients, lumber, cement, high value crops at mga gulay.

Saturday, April 29, 2017

Phivolcs recorded quake at M7.2, downgraded by USGS to M6.8 in Sarangani, PH .

The PHIVOLCS also issued a Sea Level Disturbance advisory, alerting affected areas to strong currents and the rapid rise and and fall of sea-waters.
"Based on tsunami wave models and early tide gauge records of the tsunami in the Philippine Sea, coastal  areas in Philippine provinces  fronting the Celebes Sea are expected to experience wave heights of less than one meter above the normal tide levels," the PHIVOLCS explained.
The first of these waves arrived sometime between 4:28 a.m. and 5:23 a.m.
However, this initial wave may not be the largest, and more waves were expected several hours on.
The public was thus advised to stay away from the beach and coasts fronting the Celebes Sea in the following provinces:
  • Sarangani,
  • Davao Occidental,
  • South Cotabato,
  • Davao Oriental, and
  • Sultan Kudarat.


Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) message at 28 Apr 2017 21:52 UTC:
Tsunami warning: "None"
(2nd UPDATE) A magnitude 6.8 earthquake struck offshore near Glan town in Sarangani province, early Saturday morning, the United States Geological Survey said.
The tremor struck at a depth of 26 kilometers around 4:23 a.m., the USGS said.
The USGS recorded the quake initially at magnitude 7.2 before revising it.
The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) said it recorded the earthquake at magnitude 7.2. 
It was felt at Intensity V in the following areas: General Santos City; Koronadal City; Santa Maria, Jose Abad Santos, 
Don Marcelino, Balot Island, Davao Occidental; Polomolok, Tupi, South Cotabato; Alabel, Malapatan, Glan, Sarangani; Palimbag, Sultan Kudarat
Intensity IV- Davao City; Cotabato City; Zamboanga City
Intensity III- Cagayan De Oro City
Intensity II- Kidapawan City
Phivolcs chief Renato Solidum told radio DZMM that residents near coastal areas in the region should be wary of possible tsunami waves.
He said the quake is also expected to trigger aftershocks and cause damage.
The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, in an initial advisory, said the quake may trigger tsunami waves as far away as Indonesia.
Hazardous tsunami waves are possible for coastal areas located within 300 km of the earthquake's epicenter, it added. - ABS-CBN News

Friday, April 28, 2017

'Paghahabi ng gawa-gawang kwento': Nabiktima si Gina Lopez sa Marinduque. Basahin ang totoong pangyayari

Sec. Lopez mariin ang pagtangging sinuportahan niya ang proposed MOA sa pagitan ng PGM at US Lawyers tungkol sa pagsasampa ng kaso sa Canada tulad ng iniulat ng mga nagsusulong nito at nauwi sa malawakang protesta at rejection ng MOA

Lyn Angeles at Gina Lopez. Dati nang nagkakatulungan para sa pagtatanggol sa kalikasan.


WARNING TO MARINDUQUENOS:

by Adeline 'Lyn' Angeles

MGA PEKE AT GAWA-GAWANG BALITANG GINAGAMIT ANG MGA KILALANG NATIONAL OFFICIALS (Latest: SEC. GINA LOPEZ) PINAPAKALAT NG MGA TILA FAKE ACCOUNTS/ FAKE FB PAGES. Maging MAPANURI Po Tayo!

Kelan lamang: pinakalat ang GAWA-GAWANG BALITA (FAKE NEWS) na INAGAWAN DAW NG MIKROPONO, PINAHIYA AT SINABIHANG NAMUMULITIKA LAMANG ni DENR Sec. GINA LOPEZ ang inyong lingkod, ADELINE ANGELES na dating Bokal ng Marinduque at ngayon ay BOD Member ng Marinduque Council for Environmental Concerns (MACEC).

ITO PO AY HINDI TOTOO AT GAWA-GAWA LAMANG ng mga taong nagtatago sa tila FAKE ACCOUNTS at posibleng NASASAGASAAN NG MGA GINAGAWA AT ADVOCACY NI SEC. LOPEZ o ng INYONG LINGKOD.

ANG TOTOONG PANGYAYARI:

Noong April 11, 2017, ako po, kasama ang iba pang opisyal at miyembro ng MACEC, kasama rin ang butihing BISHOP JUNIE MARALIT, Ilang LGU Officials at CSO representatives ay naimbitahan sa isang Forum nang bumisita si Secretary Lopez sa Marinduque. ITO PO AY NAGING ISANG MEANINGFUL AT HAPPY MEETING WITH SEC. LOPEZ kung saan PINAKINGGAN NIYA ang mga nais iparating ng iba’t-ibang sectoral representatives at GAME PA NA NAKIPAGSAYAW AT KUMANTA KASAMA ANG ILANG MIYEMBRO NG MACEC. (Refer to pictures).

AKO PO AY ISA SA NAGSALITA/NAGTANONG na ang SUBJECT MATTER ng aking sinabi ay ang mga sumusunod:

1. URGENT/EMERGENCY MEASURES NA KAILANGAN LALO NA PARA SA MAGUILA-GUILA DAM (Mogpog) at MAKULAPNIT DAM (Boac).

TUGON ni Sec. LOPEZ : Naka- focus daw talaga siya sa pagsasaayos nito para sa mga affected communities. Outright, tinanong din niya ang kasamang DENR Undersecretary for update sa around P35M na initial fund (na binanggit niya sa amin noong kami’y bumisita sa office niya sa Manila).

2. PAGPAPARATING SA KANYA na ang MACEC ay patuloy niyang magiging KATUWANG SA KANYANG MGA ADBOKASYANG PANGKALIKASAN kasama na ang kanyang planong Eco-tourism Projects.

TUGON/Reaction ni SEC LOPEZ: Masaya niyang tinanggap ang commitment of partnership na ito.

3. PAGPAPARATING SA KANYA ng sinabi ng isang DENR-MGB Lawyer from Region 4-B (during one SP session) na tila nagbigay ng impresyon na sinusuportahan ng tanggapan ni Sec. Lopez ang isang controversial MOA na sa pananaw ng marami ay DISADVANTAGEOUS SA PROBINSIYA. (I was then referring to the proposed MOA endorsed by Gov. Reyes to the Sangg. Panlalawigan para i-hire pa rin ang mga Amerikanong Lawyers ng Diamond McCarthy sa kasong planong isampa sa Canada vS. Placerdome/Barrick Re: Marcopper, kahit na WALA SILANG AUTHORITY TO PRACTICE in Canada).

Note: This proposal was rejected by majority of the SP Members and opposed by the different stakeholders including MACEC)

TUGON NI SEC. LOPEZ: That SHE DOESN’T KNOW ABOUT IT (MEANING: HINDI TOTOO NA SINUSUPORTAHAN NIYA ANG PARTICULAR LAW FIRM/MOA gaya ng tila lumalabas sa paliwanag ng MGB Lawyer na nag-appear sa Sangg. Panlalawigan na sa tingin ng ilan ay tila GINAMIT lamang para suportahan ang proposed MOA. Ito rin ay binanggit sa isang “FAKE NEWS” na pinakalat din.

NOTE: After the Public Forum, I got the chance to confer with Sec. Lopez who asked Undersecretary about the concern I raised and they both clarified to me that such claim is NOT TRUE… that her office also received a letter about that concern and they will clarify. IN SHORT, NEVER NA SINUPORTAHAN NI SEC. LOPEZ ANG PROPOSED MOA (NA VERY DISADVANTAGEOUS) GAYA NG PINAKALAT DIN NG ILANG TILA FAKE ACCOUNTS.


Isang naging masaya at makabuluhang okasyon kasama si Lopez

SAMAKATUWID: WALA PONG NANGYARING AGAWAN NG MIKROPONO… WALANG PANGHIHIYA AT WALANG USAPANG-PULITIKANG NAGANAP. It was purely environmental discussion. Wala pa po sa DENR si Sec. Lopez ay nakakasama na namin siya sa Environmental Community. We were together in the SAVE PALAWAN MOVEMENT when I was Manager of the Foundation for the Philippine Environment (FPE) and she’s with the ABS-CBN Foundation/ Bantay-Kalikasan. Imposible ring gawin ni Sec. Lopez ang manghiya o mang-agaw ng mikropono sa presensya pa mandin ng ginagalang na church leader tulad ni BISHOP MARALIT.

Naniniwala po kaming seryoso si Sec. LOPEZ sa pagtulong sa Marinduque. Huwag sanang sirain at gamitin ang kanyang pangalan at nang iba pa at MAGHABI NG GAWA-GAWANG KWENTO para ITAGO ANG MGA TOTOONG NANGYAYARI SA LALAWIGAN at ang TOTOONG ISSUE.


Ang forum na si Gina Lopez ang panauhin ay dinaluhan din ni Bishop Junie Maralit

MGA IBA PANG NABIKTIMA NG “GAWA-GAWANG BALITA SA FB:

1. Vice Gov. Jun Bacorro- pinalabas na sinisiraan/kinu-question ng isang DOH Representative ang kanyang ginagawang medical Mission. HINDI NAMAN PALA TOTOO.
2. Bokal John Pelaez, Bokal Rey Salvacion, Bokal Gilbert Daquioag – pinalabas na dahilan kung bakit hindi nakakapag-declare ng “State of Calamity” ang probinsiya. HINDI NAMAN TOTOO.
3. Bokal Mely Aguirre at Eli Obligacion – pinalabas na nagagalit si bokal Aguirre kay Mr. Obligacion at sinabing nanggugulo ito. HINDI RIN TOTOO.

HINDI KO ALAM KUNG NAGKATAON LAMANG, pero ang lahat ng nabanggit (kasama na ang inyong) lingkod ay PARE-PAREHONG KUMONTRA SA PROPOSED MOA WITH DIAMOND MCCARTHY & PARABELLUM CAPITAL, INVOLVING MULTI-MILLION DOLLAR PROPOSED “LOAN”/AMOUNT TO BE ADVANCED BY THE FUNDER WITH COST TO THE PROVINCE.

ITO BA ANG TUNAY NA DAHILAN NG DEMOLITION JOB???

"MARTES SANTO" ng maganap ang Forum na ginawan ng GAWA-GAWA AT MAPANIRANG BALITA sa FB. Di man lang nagawang MANGILIN ang mga taong nasa likod nito. MAY THE ABSOLUTE ONE HAVE MERCY ON YOU!

PAGKAKAISA

Also read:

21 years after the mining disaster DENR plans to file case vs Marcopper


Thursday, April 27, 2017

Two significant videos on the Marcopper Mine Disaster

'Remembering the Marcopper Mine Disaster' (ABS-CBN) is a more recent video where victims recount their stories twenty years after the last major disaster involving the mines in Marinduque. Here, the Marinduque Council for Environmental Concerns (MACEC), also provides an accurate picture of the island-province's affected areas.



'Breaking the Chains of Imperialist Mining'
Produced by The Center for Environmental Concerns-Philippines and the Marinduque Council for Environmental Concerns (MACEC) (posted on YouTube in 2012)

Excerpts:

Narrator: (2:45) "Kasabwat din sa pandarambong ang mga pulitiko't panginoong may lupa sa mga lalawigan at rehiyon. Sa Marinduque, ang panginoong may lupa na pamilyang Reyes ay nananatiling makapangyarihan pati sa usapin ng pagpapahintulot ng pagmimina."

Rev. Fr. Allan L. Malapad:  (3:01) "Dahil sa totoo lang ay nagsasalita sila ng sabihin ay sila ay hindi papayag na magbukas ang Marcopper, ang minahan. Pero ngayon ay talagang sigurado na yung kanilang posisyon - na sila'y pabor doon sa pagbubukas ng minahan."

Narrator: Sa tulong ng mga patakaran at programa na pabor sa mga dayuhang mamumuhunan, kinuha ng Placer Dome ang napakaraming deposito ng tanso at ginto at winasak ang kalikasan sa isla ng Marinduque.

Dr. Romeo Quijano: ".... kung ano yung dinidikta ng America sa gobyerno natin ay pinapatupad kung sino man yung nasa gobyerno 'yan. Ganyan ang nangyayari sa mining."

Vinia (Resident ng Brgy, Botilao): (11:35) "Kung ako laang ang atanungin talagang matindi ang galit ko diyan. Walang puso, walang kaluluwa sariling bulsa laang ang kanilang inapuno. Alam laang nilang busugin ay ang kanilang sikmura".

Romulo Neri, NEDA Dir. Gen: (15:33)i: Itong Marcopper is a special case kasi marami pa ring copper sa Marinduque.

Gov. Carmencita Reyes: (15:40) "Marcopper had paid 7.8 billion pesos in taxes, generated 1.2 billion dollars in current exchange". 

Beth Manggol, (MACEC): 16:03 "Samantalang hanggang ngayon ay may utang pa sa real property tax sa bayan ng Sta. Cruz at sa buong Marinduque ang Marcopper-Placer Dome." (Umabot na sa higit P 1-Bilyon ang utang sa buwis ng Marcopper sa Marinduque).


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